In 2007, together with the Cape Verdean Police, they carried out Operation Flying Launch (Operacão Lancha Voadora), a successful operation to put an end to a drug trafficking group which smuggled cocaine from Colombia to the Netherlands and Germany using the country as a reorder point. The culture of Cape Verde is characterized by a mixture of European and African elements. [36], According to the president of Nauru, Cape Verde has been ranked the eighth most endangered nation due to flooding from climate change. "Being a Cape Verdean is very, very complex," said Deonilda Rosa, an American-born Cape Verdean who works in the New Bedford office of Rep. Gerry E. Studds (D-Mass.) Cape verdean Last Names [Surnames] Geographical and historical treatment of Cabo Verde, including maps and statistics as well as a survey of its people, languages, religion, economy, government, and culture. Because of this, some scholars argue that Cape Verde may be eligible to join the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe and NATO. This is not a sum of two cultures living side by side, but a new culture resulting from an exchange that began in the 15th century. Family as a microcosm A special characteristic of Cape Verde is the model of the common-law relationships for the various stages of life, which has been practiced for a number of centuries. The people below are listed by their popularity, so the most recognizable names are at the top of the list. [16], In 1956, Amílcar Cabral and a group of fellow Cape Verdeans and Guineans organised (in Portuguese Guinea) the clandestine African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (PAIGC). The Jesuits also displayed a strong commitment to the idea of equality over the years by operating schools that were equally accessible for free people and slaves, whites and dark-skinned people. [20] The constitution — adopted in 1980 and revised in 1992, 1995 and 1999 — defines the basic principles of its government. The national constitution calls for measures to give it parity with Portuguese. Two others were non-operational, one on Brava and the other on Santo Antão, closed for safety reasons. Cape Verdean Beautiful People Today at 2:42 PM Thank you so much to Erik @e-cards so2 and Jordan @jordanc81500 for ... donating bags of clothes and shoes to the Andrade Family God Bless you both Erik and Jordan for your generosity and for helping this family in their time of need! Deceased Person . On 30 June 1975, Cape Verdeans elected a National Assembly which received the instruments of independence from Portugal on 5 July 1975. The total expenditure for health was 7.1% of GDP (2015). Most rainfall precipitation is due to condensation of the ocean mist. 2010 Census — source: Instituto Nacional de Estatistica. The operation took more than three years, being a secret operation during the first two years, and ended in 2010. [16], The country's future economic prospects depend heavily on the maintenance of aid flows, the encouragement of tourism, remittances, outsourcing labour to neighbouring African countries, and the momentum of the government's development programme. Cape Verde's isolation has resulted in the islands having a number of endemic species, particularly birds and reptiles, many of which are endangered by human development. On this cape - the westernmost point of continental Africa - lies Dakar, the capital of Senegal. Of the eight engineers involved in research and development, one was a woman. The country is a socialist practicing a mixed economy, and there are state-operated enterprises such as public supply companies and the Society for Fish Purchasing and Marketing. All 25 researchers were working in the government sector in 2011 and one in three were women (36%). Population: 418,224 (July 2005 est.) Over the last several years, a few thousand Europeans and Latin Americans have settled in the country. The country has competed at every Summer Olympics since 1996. [16], The two main political parties are PAICV and MPD. The team has played at two Africa Cup of Nations, in 2013 and 2015.[77]. The differences between the forms of the language within the islands have been a major obstacle in the way of standardization of the language. The culture of Cape Verde is characterized by a mixture of European and African elements. A man may even live in a união de facto and also be a pai de visita somewhere else. [16] Angola, Brazil, China, Libya, Cuba, France, Germany, Portugal, Spain, Senegal, Russia, Luxembourg, and the United States maintain embassies in Praia. The official language is Portuguese, for a long time the Cape Verdean islands were a Portuguese colony. [74] Other premium channels are aired in Cape Verde, especially satellite networks common in hotels and villas. The MPD won a majority of the seats in the National Assembly, and MPD presidential candidate António Mascarenhas Monteiro defeated the PAICV's candidate with 73.5% of the votes. There is a Cape Verdean community in Argentina numbering 8,000. From 1994 to 2000 about $407 million in foreign investments were made or planned, of which 58% were in tourism,[46] 17% in industry, 4% in infrastructure, and 21% in fisheries and services. But that is also the charm of visiting a foreign country, right!? A genetic study revealed that the ancestry of the population in Cape Verde is predominantly European in the male line and West African in the female line; counted together the percentage is 56% African and 44% European. Moving its headquarters to Conakry, Guinea in 1960, the PAIGC began an armed rebellion against Portugal in 1961. Famous poets include Paulino Vieira, Manuel de Novas, Sergio Frusoni, Eugénio Tavares, and B. Léza, and famous authors include Baltasar Lopes da Silva, António Aurélio Gonçalves, Manuel Lopes, Orlanda Amarílis, Henrique Teixeira de Sousa, Arménio Vieira, Kaoberdiano Dambará, Dr. Azágua, and Germano Almeida. As part of this strategy, Cape Verde is participating in the Ibero-American academic mobility programme that expects to mobilize 200,000 academics between 2015 and 2020. [16] It also participates in most international conferences on economic and political issues. 9 Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons", "Sprungbrett nach Westafrika - David X. Noack", "Eleven shot dead in Cape Verde, including two Spanish citizens", "Remarks by the President After Meeting with African Leaders", "2013 Ibrahim Index of African Governance", "Cape Verde | 2010 Index of Economic Freedom", "World Economic Forum : The Global Information Technology Report 2010-2011", "The Peace Corps Welcomes You to Cape Verde", "A sinking feeling: why is the president of the tiny Pacific island nation of Nauru so concerned about climate change? Since its independence, it has greatly improved its health indicators. [70][71] Approximately 90% of the total population over 15 years of age is literate, and roughly 25% of the population holds a college degree; a significant number of these college graduates hold doctorate degrees in different academic fields. In this type of relationship, women who are sometimes still very young or mothers still live with their parents or alone and their partner visits them regularly and even spends the night. Cape Verdean literature is one of the richest of Lusophone Africa. [33] The traditional walk around the praça (town square) to meet friends is practiced regularly in Cape Verde towns.[33]. [citation needed] Although nearly 35% of the population lives in rural areas, agriculture and fishing contribute only about 9% of GDP. They ensured the creation of a Creole culture. [47]. The archipelago can be divided into four broad ecological zones — arid, semiarid, subhumid and humid, according to altitude and average annual rainfall ranging from less than 100 millimetres (3.9 inches) in the arid areas of the coast as in the Deserto de Viana (67 millimetres (2.6 inches) in Sal Rei) to more than 1,000 millimetres (39 inches) in the humid mountain. Trans. . Another great exponent of traditional music from Cape Verde was Antonio Vicente Lopes, better known as Travadinha, and Ildo Lobo, who died in 2004. Due to its geographical location, Cape Verde is often flown over by transatlantic airliners.